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Heborrowedabooktheotherday,theauthor____isaworker.

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ReadingComprehension

Passage1

Languagesaremarvelouslycomplexandwonderfullycomplicatedorgansofculture.Theyembodythequickestandthemostefficientmeansofcommunicatingwithintheirrespectiveculture.Tolearnaforeignlanguageistolearnanotherculture.Inthewordsofapoetandphilosopher,“Asmanylanguagesasonespeaks,somanylivesonelives.”Acultureanditslanguagesareasinseparableasbrainandbody;whileoneisapartoftheother,neithercanfunctionwithouttheother.Inlearningaforeignlanguage,thebestbeginningiswiththenon-verballinguisticelementsofthelanguage,itsgestures,itsbodylanguage.EyecontactisextremelyimportantinEnglish.Directeyecontactleadstounderstanding,or,astheEnglishmaxim(格言)hasit,seeingeye-to-eye.Wecanneverseeeye-to-eyewithanativespeakerofEnglishuntilwehavelearnedtolookEnglishisspoken

3.Accordingtothispassage,gesturesare________.

A.non-verbalaswellasnon-linguistic

B.verbalandlinguistic

C.non-verbalbutneverthelesslinguistic

D.verbalbutneverthelessnon-linguistic

4.“Asmanylanguagesasonespeaks,somanylives”means________.

A.ifoneleansmanyforeignlanguages,onewillhaveabetterunderstandingofhisownlanguage

lifeisricherandmoreinterestingifoneknowsseverallanguages

nomatterhowmanylanguagesoneknows,onecanneverknowmorethanone’sownculture

ifapersonspeaksonlyonelanguage,hewillliveaveryhappylife

5.Oneofthefollowingwhichisnotsynonymouswiththeothersis_______.

A.signsB.gesturesC.maximsD.bodylanguage

Passage2

Questions6to10arebasedonthefollowingpassage:

Thehumanbraincontains10thousandmillioncellsandeachofthesemayhaveathousandconnections.(77)Suchenormousnumbersusedtodiscourageusandcauseustodismissthepossibilityofmakingamachinewithhuman-likeability,butnowthatwehavegrownusedtomovingforwardatsuchapacewecanbelesssure.Quitesoon,inonly10or20yearsperhaps,wewillbeabletoassembleamachineascomplexasthehumanbrain,andifwecanwewill.Itmaythentakeusalongtimetorenderitintelligentbyloadingintherightsoftware(软件)orbyalteringthearchitecturebutthattoowillhappen.

(78)Ithinkitcertainthatindecades,notcenturies,machinesofsilicon(硅)willarisefirsttorivalandthenexceedtheirhumanancestors.Oncetheyexceedustheywillbecapableoftheirowndesign.Inarealsensetheywillbeabletoreproducethemselves.Siliconwillhaveendedcarbon’slongcontrol.Andwewillnolongerbeabletoclaimourselvestobethefinestintelligenceintheknownuniverse.

Astheintelligenceofrobotsincreasestomatchthatofhumansandastheircostdeclinesthrougheconomiesofscalewemayusethemtoexpandourfrontiers,firstonearththroughtheirabilitytowithstandenvironments,harmfultoourselves.Thus,desertsmaybloomandtheoceanbedsbemined.Furtherahead,byacombinationofthegreatwealththisnewagewillbringandthetechnologyitwillprovide,theconstructionofavast,man-createdworldinspace,hometothousandsormillionsofpeople,willbewithinourpower.

6.Inwhatwaycanwemakeamachineintelligent?

A)Bymakingitworkinsuchenvironmentsasdeserts,oceansorspace.

B)Byworkinghardfor10or20years.

C)Byeitherproperlyprogrammingitorchangingitsstructure.

D)Byreproducingit.(C)

7.Whatdoesthewriterthinkaboutmachineswithhuman-likeability?

A)Hebelievestheywillbeusefultohumanbeings.

B)Hebelievesthattheywillcontrolusinthefuture.

C)Heisnotquitesureinwhatwaytheymayinfluenceus.

D)Hedoesn’tconsidertheconstructionofsuchmachinespossible.

8.Theword“carbon”(Line4,Para.2)standsfor________.

A)intelligentrobotsB)achemicalelementC)anorganicsubstanceD)humanbeings(D)

9.Arobotcanbeusedtoexpandourfrontierswhen________.

A)itsintelligenceandcostarebeyondquestion

B)itisabletobeartheroughenvironment

C)itismadeascomplexasthehumanbrain

D)itsarchitectureisdifferentfromthatofthepresentones(A)

10.Itcanbeinferredfromthepassagethat________.

A)aftertheinstallationofagreatnumberofcellsandconnections,robotswillbecapableofself-reproduction

B)withtherapiddevelopmentoftechnology,peoplehavecometorealizethepossibilityofmakingamachinewithhuman-likeability

C)oncewemakeamachineascomplexasthehumanbrain,itwillpossesintelligence

D)robotswillhavecontrolofthevast,man-madeworldinspace

Didyouattendthemeetingyesterday____Marytalkedalot?

Lastnighthesawtwodark_____enterthebuilding,andthentherewastheexplosion.

Itisobviousthatthisnewruleisapplicabletoeveryonewithout_____.

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